What's an electronic signature?

It’s an appropriate, safe and time-saving method through which to sign electronic documents.

What's an electronic document?

An electronic document is any document created or preserved on a computer, such as letters, contracts or commandments, as well as any images, which include charts (Blueprints), cadastral maps, graphics or photographic images. An electronic signature may be used for the purposes of signing such bearings.

How does the process of signing an electronic document take place?

It’s an easy process and there are slight differences according to the type of program used, but the electronic signature program does the tasks where you press the signature option, then select the document, then enter the secret code, and all tasks will be completed electronically without using the paper signature.

What is a certificate and what does "publish" mean?

The certificate is a computer-generated record that recognizes the subscriber and contains a public key and is signed electronically through the certificate authority. CA, the electronic signature certificate must be connected to a private key and a public key. When the certificate is published, you define yourself to the certificate authority CA by submitting the certificate using the public key.

How do you identify me as a signatory?

When you use your electronic signature software, you have two keys. The first one is the private key and it’s used by you only during the process of signing
The second key is the public key and is available to use by anyone who wants to verify the files that have been signed, where the public key reads the electronic signature created by the private key and validates the documents created by it. That process is like accessing the safe – deposit box where your key must be compatible with the bank key before opening the box

Who creates the public and private key?

As indicated by the name, public keys can be freely shared and used to verify electronic signatures and private keys remain confidential and are used to create electronic signatures. The combination of the two keys takes place through the certificate authority (CA) producing the electronic certificate, and the private key is created on the device (Token) requesting the certificate, so that the certificate authority (CA) cannot access the private key.

What are the responsibilities and obligations of the participant to obtain the electronic signature certificate?

The participant must commit to:

  • Keeping his key and secret code safe.
  • Notify its service provider in case of loss or damage.

Does the receiver need a special program to receive my e-signed document?

The receiver of your electronical signed document do not need any additional program to verify the signature over and above the regular programs for opening the document. For example, the electronically signed PDF file can be opened through Adobe Reader as well as the electronically signed Microsoft Word file that can be opened through Word Recipient Document approves (CA) by loading certificates in accordance with certificate stabilization procedures

Can the e-signature be forged or tampered with ?

It is widely believed that handwriting is a unique means for the signatory and the signed paper. But what if someone created a signature similar to a handwritten signature? Or did someone change the text on the pages before the signature page in the long contracts? In such cases, the signature is valid, but the document is considered to have been altered. In the case of an electronic signature, forgery becomes more impossible process, which is much more difficult than counterfeiting handwritten signatures for the following reasons: First, an electronic signature is a process, not just a signature addition. For example, when an electronic signature is on the document, the electronic program scans the document and creates an account that
represents the document. This calculation becomes part of the electronic signature. “When the recipient checks the signature, a similar process is performed, and then the calculation of the sender and the receiver is compared together

How do I know if my own certificate is valid?

When signing a file/email, a key step is to check the serial number of your certificate against the Certificate Revocation List (CRL) to ensure that your certificate is valid and not cancelled. Certificate Revocation List (CRL) is the relevant list of all cancelled certificates (blacklist), which is regularly updated, based and posted on the Internet